A manual for literature review

On the reliability and validity of manual muscle testing: a literature review

Instead, organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory. The search terms manual muscle testing or manual muscle test were used. The reliability of a diagnostic method is the consistency of that measurement when repeated. Plan to describe relevant theories.

Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review.

This order would keep the author away from grammar, syntax, semantic and pragmatic mistakes if used properly. This method of MMT is also the main test used in chiropractic, developed originally from the work of Kendall and Kendall [ 2123 ].

Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time.

Here are some ways in which you could organize your discussion: This method of MMT is also the main test used in chiropractic, developed originally from the work of Kendall and Kendall [ 2123 ]. Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field.

Decide on a topic It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M. How good was my information seeking? Studies of MMT were categorized by research content type: Throughout its history manual muscle testing has been performed by practitioners' hands, isokinetic machines, and other handheld devices.

Because of the variability possible during a MMT, several studies examining MMT have used specialized instrumentation to provide support for the extremity tested and for standardization of joint position.

Manual examination in the diagnosis of cervicogenic headache: a systematic literature review

Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. Statistical presentations of the data are presented showing the average correlation coefficients of MMT examination upon the different patient populations for each study.

Such information contains objective data that is obtained without sacrificing the art and science of manual muscle testing to the demand for objectivity.

If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table. As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature.

The reliability of a diagnostic method is the consistency of that measurement when repeated. This results in a large number of variables that are difficult to control. To do this the person must never generalize, calling things as they should be called and always making the subject as something active, without losing the meaning and in the easiest way to understand.

Use relative softwares like reference manager JabRef and SciPlore Mindmapping to manage your literatures. The examiner in the application of force to the subject's resistance evaluates the muscle groups being studied as subjectively "weak" or "strong" on a 5-point scale [ 24 ].

A value greater than. Results Research on the Reliability of the MMT One way researchers determine if a clinical test is consistent and repeatable over several trials is to analyze its reliability.

The ability of a muscle to lengthen but to generate enough force to overcome resistance is what is qualified by the examiner and termed "Strong" or "Weak. The level of evidence ranged from very low to low, and recommendations for use of specific manual techniques ranged from weak to strong.

Relevant peer-reviewed studies, commentaries, and reviews were selected.A literature review seeks to identify, analyze and summarize the published research literature about a specific topic. Literature reviews are assigned as course projects; included as the introductory part of master's and PhD theses; and are conducted before undertaking any new scientific research project.

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Users' Guides to the Medical Literature: A Manual for Evidence-Based Clinical Practice, 3rd ed

We can help with that too. If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction.

This systematic literature review revealed low levels of evidence using the GRADE system in assessing papers discussing manual examination of CGH. These low levels were based on the fact that the included studies were all observational.

Mar 06,  · This review of the literature shows the importance of clinical experience and expertise, and this factor has been highlighted in many papers discussing the reliability of the MMT [,]. The skills of the examiners conducting studies on MMT and their skills in interpreting the derived information will affect the usefulness of.

This interdisciplinary guide describes the basic steps of doing a literature review. Introduction Toggle Dropdown.

Guidelines for writing a literature review

A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations: Chicago style for students and researchers by Kate L. Turabian Call Number: Ref. LBT8 (LN2).

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A manual for literature review
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