He believes that the greatest good of man is daily to converse about virtue, examining both himself and others, for the unexamined life is not worth living.
These general accusations were that Socrates was: Nay, if this be true, let me die again and again! The story about the oracle of Delphi and the statement attributed to it concerning Socrates being the wisest man in Athens is another example of Socratic irony. Well, then, I will make my defence, and I will endeavor in the short time which is allowed to do away with this evil opinion of me which you have held for such a long time; and I hope I may succeed, if this be well for you and me, and that my words may find favor with you.
Injustice may appear to be triumphant at the time, but eventually evildoers will be given a just recompense. And the truth of this I will endeavor to prove. For instance, if the accusers ask for the death penalty, it was customary for the accused to ask for banishment.
Is there any one who understands human and political virtue? In each encounter the person made a claim that he was in possession of some kind of wisdom or absolute knowledge. This is the reason why Meletus, Anytus, and others have charged him with crimes and are bringing him to trial. The only kind of rhetoric for which he has any use is that of making a presentation of facts in language so clear that all can understand.
For if you kill me you will not easily find a successor to me, who, if I may use such a ludicrous figure of speech, am a sort of gadfly, given to the state by God; and the state is a great and noble steed who is tardy in his motions owing to his very size, and requires to be stirred into life.
And this is a duty which the God has imposed upon me, as I am assured by oracles, visions, and in every sort of way in which the will of divine power was ever signified to anyone. And the truth of this I will endeavor to prove to you.
It is a remarkable speech and one that illustrates Socrates' deep conviction that it is far better to suffer injustice than it is to practice injustice. He liked to observe that successful fathers such as the prominent military general Pericles did not produce sons of their own quality.
Epilogue 34cd Socrates tells the "men of Athens" that he wants to be judged according to his account of himself and not by any other standard -- such as appealing to his old age or the fact that he has children.
Did ever any man believe in horsemanship, and not in horses? What would not a man give if he might converse with Orpheus and Musaeus and Hesiod and Homer? In the Phaedrus, we are told Socrates considered this to be a form of "divine madness", the sort of insanity that is a gift from the gods and gives us poetrymysticismloveand even philosophy itself.
This does not mean that he has any quarrel with the physical scientists. Answer, friend, I say; the question is one which may be easily answered. He went to the poets, and after asking them to explain some of the most elaborate passages in their own writings, he found they had no understanding of the things they had written.
When this was reported to Socrates, he was amazed, for he had never considered himself to be a wise person. And hardest of all, I do not know and cannot tell the names of my accusers; unless in the chance case of a Comic poet. He had never been interested in the physical sciences, although he was familiar with the theories of Anaxagoras.
It will be very clear to you, Athenians, as I was saying, that Meletus has no care at all, great or small, about the matter.
Socrates jokingly suggests that if he were to get what he deserves, he should be honored with a great meal for being of such service to the state. Whereupon I made another enemy of him, and of many others besides him.
Socrates' Comments on his Sentence Not much time will be gained, O Athenians, in return for the evil name which you will get from the detractors of the city, who will say that you killed Socrates, a wise man; for they will call me wise even although I am not wise when they want to reproach you.
He says that I am a doer of evil, who corrupt the youth; but I say, O men of Athens, that Meletus is a doer of evil, and the evil is that he makes a joke of a serious matter, and is too ready at bringing other men to trial from a pretended zeal and interest about matters in which he really never had the smallest interest.Socrates' second speech is an argument for a different penalty rather than death, but Socrates argues that he is doing a great service to the state of Athens, so that the appropriate penalty would be to pay him a stipend for the rest of his life to support him in his criticism of individual citizens of Athens.
Socrates then proceeds to interrogate Meletus, the man primarily responsible for bringing Socrates before the jury. This is the only instance in The Apology of the elenchus, or cross-examination, which is so central to most Platonic dialogues. Apology Quotes. Want to Read saving ― Plato, Apology of Socrates: An Interpretation with a New Translation.
47 likes. Like “My plainness of speech makes them hate me, and what is their hatred but a proof that I am speaking the.
Throughout the Apology, Socrates puts forward his views of wisdom, virtue, and nobility he believes to be moral truths, not to clear his name, but to reveal the ignorance.
Analysis of Plato's Apology. The Apology is Plato's recollection and interpretation of the Trial of Socrates ( BC). In this dialogue Socrates. Socrates, Roman mural 1st century Introduction to Western Philosophy The Apology— 2 What is most ab surd in all this is that o ne c anno t .Download